Also known as hallucinogenic fish poisoning. The term ichthyoallyeinotoxism comes from the Greek words ichthus (fish), aluein (to be out of oneself, to hallucinate), and toxikon (venom). It is used to denote a rare hallucinogenic intoxication due to the consumption of the head or other body parts of a fish belonging to the group of * dream fish, many species of which are indigenous to the Indian and Pacific Oceans, and the Mediterranean Sea. Because of their psychoactive effects, such fish species are referred to as *psychoactive fauna. Ichthyoallyeinotoxism is classified as a variant of ichthyosarcotoxism, i.e. food poisoning caused by the ingestion of fish. The symptoms typically commence within a few minutes to 2 h after the consumption of fish, and they usually last no longer than 36 h. Ichthyoallyeinotoxism is characterized by generalized malaise and a variety of CNS disturbances such as nausea, vertigo, disturbances in motor coordination, vivid *visual and/or *auditory hallucinations, * nightmares, and sometimes frank * delirium. The hallucinations occurring in the context of ichthyoallyeinotoxism are sometimes compared to those occurring in LSD intoxication. The toxin or toxins responsible for the mediation of ichthyoallyeinotoxism are unknown. As all ichthyoallyeinotoxic fishes appear to be algal grazers, it is believed that they may derive their hallucinogenic properties from alkaloids of the indole group, which are chemically quite similar to LSD, and which occur naturally in certain types of algae and phytoplankton. It has also been suggested that ichthyoallyeinotoxism may be mediated by * dimethyltryptamine (DMT), a * hallucinogen even more potent than the indoles present in fish.
   De Haro, L., Pommier, P. (2006). Hallucinatory fish poisoning (ichthyoallyeinotoxism): Two case reports from the Western Mediterranean and literature review. Clinical Toxicology, 44, 185-188.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ichthyoallyeinotoxism — Ichthyoallyeinotoxism, or hallucinogenic fish poisoning, is caused by eating the heads or body parts of certain species of ichthyoallyeinotoxic herbivorous fish found in several parts of the tropics, notably the Indian Pacific. The effects of… …   Wikipedia

  • ichthyoallyeinotoxism — hallucinogenic fish poisoning caused by ingesting the heads or flesh of certain types of reef fishes in the tropical Pacific and Indian Oceans. The toxicity is sporadic and unpredictable in its occurrence and is not destroyed by ordinary cooking …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • dream fish —    Also known as nightmare fish. Both terms are used to denote a group of ichthyoallyeino toxic fishes such as Kyphosus fuseus, Kyphosus vaigiensis, Sarpa salpa, Siganus spinus,and Mul loidichthys samoensis, many of which are indigenous to the… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • Poison — This article is about the type of substance. For other uses, see Poison (disambiguation). The EU s standard toxic symbol, as defined by Directive 67/548/EEC. The skull and crossbones has long been a standard symbol for poison. In the context of… …   Wikipedia

  • Toxicity — This article is about the scientific term. For other uses of toxicity and toxic, see Toxicity (disambiguation). The skull and crossbones is a common symbol for toxicity. Toxicity is the degree to which a substance can damage a living or non… …   Wikipedia

  • Lead poisoning — Classification and external resources An X ray demonstrating the characteristic finding of lead poisoning, dense metaphyseal lines. ICD 10 T …   Wikipedia

  • Drug overdose — For other uses, see Overdose (disambiguation). Drug overdose Classification and external resources Activated charcoal is a commonly used agent for decontamination of the gastrointestinal tract in overdoses …   Wikipedia

  • Mercury poisoning — Classification and external resources Elemental mercury ICD 10 T …   Wikipedia

  • Locoweed — For other uses, see Locoweed (disambiguation). Locoweed (also crazyweed and loco) is a common name in North America for any plant that produces swainsonine, a phytotoxin harmful to livestock. Worldwide, swainsonine is produced by a small number… …   Wikipedia

  • Cinchonism — Classification and external resources ICD 10 T37.2 ICD 9 386.9 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”